Market Snapshot: Dow down 250 points as a brutal month draws to a close


U.S. stocks traded lower after a choppy start on the final day of what has been a brutal month and quarter for markets as investors grew more fearful that aggressive interest rate hikes by the Federal Reserve will drive the economy into a downturn in an attempt to quell inflation.

What’s happening
  • The Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA, -1.04% was down 250 points, or 0.9%, at 28,977.
  • The S&P 500 SPX, -0.76% was down 18 points, or 0.5%, at 3,623.
  • The Nasdaq Composite COMP, -0.64% shed 30 points, or 0.3%, to 10,708.

Through Thursday, the S&P 500 had slumped 7.9% during the month of September, 3.8% in the third quarter and is down more than 23% since the start of the year. What’s driving markets

What’s driving the market

In keeping with the historical pattern, U.S. stocks suffered during the month of September as an assertive Federal Reserve helped push Treasury yields and the dollar higher, which in turn undermined equity valuations.

See: It’s the worst September for stocks since 2008. What that means for October.

But after more than two weeks of nearly non-stop selling, equity bulls were nibbling once again, with some looking to buy stocks at relatively low valuations, said Eric Diton, president and managing director of the Wealth Alliance.

“The market is exhausted on the downside,” Diton said. “Selling has been non-stop for more than two weeks.”

Read: Will October be another stock-market ‘bear killer’? Why investors need to tread carefully around seasonal trends.

As the month drew to a close on Friday, investors digested a reading from the personal consumption expenditure inflation index for August, which showed that core consumer prices climbed by 0.6% last month, more than Wall Street’s forecast of 0.5%. The core inflation measure excludes volatile food and energy prices.

See: Cheaper gas holds down inflation, PCE shows, but the cost of everything else is still going up fast

The reading largely confirmed similar data from the consumer-price index, another closely watched inflation barometer, which sent stocks lower earlier this month. Since that report was released just over two weeks ago, the S&P 500 has fallen more than 10%.

According to Diton, investors know inflation is a “work in progress”, but the U.S. economy is still in far better shape than the economies of Europe, Japan and China, he said.

“We’re the best game in town. No one looks great right now but certainly Europe has real issues, China has issues, Japan has issues — and there’s the Ukraine war out there,” Diton said.

Helping to underscore this point, data out of the eurozone showed inflation accelerated at a record pace last month.

See: Eurozone Inflation posts new record high of 10% in September

In other news, investors also heard from Fed Vice Chair Lael Brainard, who reiterated that the central bank would keep interest rates elevated to combat inflation, even if it harms the economy.

See: Fed won’t pull back from rate hikes prematurely, Brainard says

Since it will take time for high interest rates to bring inflation down, Brainard said the Fed is “committed to avoiding pulling back prematurely.”

Investors were also keeping an eye on megacap tech stocks. Apple Inc. AAPL was trading down 1.5% on Friday after leading markets lower a day earlier following a downgrade by Bank of America.

Need to know: Here’s why investors should start betting on Apple and the stock market now

A final reading on the University of Michigan consumer-sentiment index for September showed consumers’ view of the economy improved somewhat during the month due to falling gas prices, even as their outlook remained broadly pessimistic.

See: U.S. consumers remain pessimistic about economy even as inflation fears wane

Stocks in focus

— Steve Goldstein and Barbara Kollmeyer contributed to this article

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